The civil rights attorney at the forefront of legal efforts to desegregate American public schools nearly 50-years ago has died .
Oliver Hill died on Aug. 5 at his Virginia home.
He was 100-years old.
In 1940, Hill won his first case in Virgina that led to equal pay for black and white teachers.
In 1954, he was part of a series of lawsuits against racially segregated schools that would become the Brown v. Board of Education decision.
Eight years ago, Oliver Hill received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor.