Suicide Facts

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Suicide Facts: 1999

  • Suicide was the 11th leading cause of death in the United States.

  • Suicide was he eighth leading cause of death of males and 19th leading cause of death for females.

  • The total number of suicide deaths was 29,199.

  • There were twice as many deaths due suicide than deaths due to HIV/AIDS (14,802).

  • Suicide outnumbered homicides (16,899) by five to three.

  • There were almost exactly the same number of suicides by firearm (16,889) as homicides (16,599).

  • Suicide by firearms was the most common method for both men and women, accounting for 57 percent of all suicides.

  • Suicide was the third leading cause of death among young people 15 to 24 years of age, following unintentional injuries and homicide.

    Attempted Suicide

  • There are an estimated eight to 25 attempted suicides to one successful suicide; the ratio is higher in women and youth and lower in men and elderly

  • More women than men report a history of attempted suicide, with a gender ratio of 3:1.

  • The strongest risk factors for attempted suicide for adults are depression, alcohol abuse, cocaine abuse and separation or divorce.

  • The strongest risk factors for attempted suicide in youth are depression, alcohol or other drug use disorder and aggressive or disruptive behaviors.

    Source: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/research/suifact.htm (National Institute of Mental Health).


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